Jean-Paul Sartre was a French writer, philosopher, and literary critic. He is most known for being one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1964, but refused it on the grounds that a writer must not become an institution.
Sartre was married to fellow existentialist philospher and feminist social critic Simone de Beauvoir
The correct French pronunciation of Jean-Paul Sartre can be phonetically transcribed as Szahn-Pohl Sahr-truh.
The Sz sound at the beginning of his name has the same sound as the "s" in the word vision. In French, Paul is pronounced like an abbreviated version of the same name in English. His last name, Sartre, is often the most mispronounced part of his name, with English speakers, especially American speakers, omitting to pronounce the -re sound. The second "R" contains the gargling French "R", but to approach the correct pronunciation it is sufficient to emit an "ru" sound, like the beginning of the word "rug".