Černobyl or Chernobyl in the English translitteration, is a city north of Kiev
, in Ukraine that was the location of the biggest nuclear accident in history. The accident occurred in 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Because of the long-term health effects of nuclear radiation, it is extremely difficult to quantify how many people died because of the event or whose life was effectively compromised.
The name Chernobyl derives from the Ukrainian word for wormwood or Artemisia Vulgaris
The correct pronunciation of Chernobyl in Ukrainian can be phonetically written as Chur-noh-b'l
. It is important to note that the "o" in -noh should be pronounced as more open and abbreviated than the "o" in the word "no". The final part, transcribed as -b'l, sounds like the word "bull", but with a very short "u", to the point that it sounds more like trying to pronounce an "L" sound straight after a "B", which is quite unnatural for English speakers.
It is also worth mentioning that the Russian pronunciation is very similar to the Ukrainian one, but given that Chernobyl is in Ukraine, it is preferable to use a Ukrainian pronunciation.