Pizza margherita is a variant of Italian pizza which, literally translated, means daisy pizza
. Margherita is made is made only with the toppings of tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese and basil and olive oil. Other popular variants of Italian pizza are Pizza quattro stagioni
and Pizza capricciosa.
In Italy, the legend of how the pizza margherita was born is that it was invented and dedicated to the Queen of Italy in 1889, Margherita of Savoy. It was purportedly made with tomato, mozzarella and basil to represent the colors of the Italian flag (green, white and red) and was named after her. However, there are numerous historical accounts that pizza margherita had already been invented in Italy and that it had been named "margherita" because the mozzarella was placed on the tomato sauce in the shape of a daisy.
Margherita is often misspelled as "margarita" and is even more frequently mispronounced. In English speaking countries, margherita is often mispronounced as mar-jeh-ree-tuh
The correct pronunciation of pizza margherita is pee-tsa mahr-geh-ree-tah. The first element to note is that the "g" in margherita is a hard "g" and not a "j" sound. In Italian, whenever you find a "gh", the "g" is always pronounced as a hard "g", as you can hear in the audio pronunciation. Second, the "i" is pronounced with a double "e" sound. Third, the "ta" at the end is pronounced with an open "ah" sound.