Myanmar is a country officially called the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, in Southeast Asia. Myanmar was previously known as Burma until 1989, when the ruling military government changed its name with the objective of correcting or discarding names that had been used under British colonial rule. Notwithstanding the official changes, whether to use the name Myanmar or Burma is disupted within the country, and often both names are used.
In Burmese, Myanmar or Myanma, is commonly the written name of the country while Burma or Bama is the spoken name. Both Myanmar and Burma ultimately derive from the name of the Bamar people and follow the same distinction in written and spoken register of Myanmar and Burma.
The matter of whether Myanmar or Burma should be used is still a controversial topic, with some proponents claiming Myanmar is more inclusive to minorities and others claiming it is representative of the military dictatorship.
The correct pronunciation of Myanmar is Mee-ahn-mah.
In the first syllable, the "y" is pronounced with a long "e", which means it is pronounced with an "ee" sound. In the second syllable, the "a" is pronounced with an "ah" sound. The "r" at the end of Myanmar is not pronounced. In fact, when Myanmar was transliterated to English, the "r" was written to represent the longer sound of the final "a" in Myanma, known as a broad "a", in British English.