The croissant is a French buttery and flaky pastry that is categorized as a viennoiserie, and originates from Austria. It is made with butter and yeast-leavened dough and can be filled with a number of different, marmalades and creams.
The origins of the croissant can be found in the kipferl
from Austria. However, how the kipferl "evolved" into the croissant is not known. Nonetheless, the modern version of the croissant had become a fixed presence in France by the second half of the 19th century.
The name croissant derives from its traditional shape, which is that of a crescent.
The correct pronunciation of croissant in French is crwass-onht
. Learning how to pronounce croissant in the right way is rather challenging because the word contains a number of sounds that are foreign to English speakers and typical of the French language. The first one is the gargled "R" in -crwass. Given that it is difficult to reproduce, for a non-native speaker it is probably better to pronounce it as -cwass, therefore omitting the "R" sound. This is because omitting the "R" actually more closely approximates the first syllable than trying to pronounce a full "R" sound. The second difficult sound to pronounce is -ohnt, which contains a nasal "N" that has a shorter sound and a nearly imperceptible "T" sound that follows it. In this case, it could be easier to pronounce a shorter "N" and avoid pronouncing the final "T".