The International Holocaust Remembrance Day, on 27 January, is the commemoration of the victims of the Holocaust. The date was established in 2005 by the United Nations General Assembly and corresponds to the day on which the Soviet Union freed the Auschwitz concentration camp.
Auschwitz, in German Konzentrationslager Auschwitz, was the largest Nazi concentration camp during World War II, between 1940 and 1944, where over 1.1 million prisoners, mostly Jews, were killed. Those who did not end up in the crematoriums were sent to forced labour within the concentration camp. All those categories of people considered inferior for political or racial reasons also died in Auschwitz.
In the Auschwitz concentration camp, the so-called 'Final Solution', the expression used by the Nazis to refer to the total extermination of the Jewish population, was to be enforced.
The Auschwitz concentration camp was built in Poland, specifically on the outskirts of Oświęcim, located about 60 kilometres from Kraków. Auschwitz is the German name given by the Nazis to the Polish town during the occupation.
The inhuman operation of the Auschwitz concentration camp ended on January 27, 1945, when the Soviet Union's Red Army tanks broke through the Auschwitz gates and found approximately 7,000 prisoners still alive.
Auschwitz, the German word for the greatest shame committed by human beings, is pronounced ah-OOSH-veets.