Triage is a French term that is also used in English which indicates the process of deciding the priority of the treatment of patients based on how severe their condition is. This process is used during emergencies when there are scarce or insufficient resources to treat all patients immediately. In this way, through triage, treatment is efficiently rationed. A recent example of the necessity of triage is the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2
) epidemic and the subsequent treatment of the disease it causes, COVID-19
. In this case, it is necessary because the high rate of infection easily overwhelms entire health systems, therefore creating the need to prioritize treatment for certain individuals above others.
The word triage derives from the French verb trier
, which means to sort or select. Medical triage as we now know it, emerged during the Napoleonic Wars at the beginning of the 19th century.
The correct pronunciation of Triage in French is tree-ahj
. The "g", which has been transposed as "j" is pronounced in the same way as the "s" is in the word "pleasure". The "a" in -ahj has an open sound and is pronounced as you would when making an "ah" sound, like at the dentist's.