Edamame commonly refers to the dish in East Asian cuisine made from soybeans while still in a pod. The beans are boiled or steamed in saltwater or subsequently served with salt.
In Japan, the name edamame is used to refer to the dish and the beans and pods together rather than the beans themselves. In fact, edamame literally means "stem pea" or "branch bean". In Japanese, eda means "branch" or "stem", while mame means "pea" or "bean". Edamame were originally sold as numerous pods, containing the beans, that were still attached to the stem or branch of the plant. Today, edamame are rarely sold while still attached to the stem, however, the name is still used mostly to indicate the dish of multiple pods with beans inside them.
The name used for the beans on their own, so without the pod, is mukimame.
The correct pronunciation of edamame is eh-dah-mah-meh.
Edamame is often mispronounced because of mistakes in pronouncing its vowels.
In the first syllable, the "e" is pronounced as a short "e", which means it is pronounced with an "eh" sound, and not as "ei" or the letter "a".
In the second syllable, the "a" is often pronounced in the wrong way. It is not pronounced with a short "u", so with a -duh sound. Rather, it is pronounced with a short "a" that is pronounced with an "ah" sound.
The last syllable is often pronounced as -mei, while it should be more rounded out and should be pronounced as a short "e", so as -meh.