Psychology Glossary

 

Ablösung
German term that indicates the interruption of the psychological bond between two people who live a particular situation in a subordinate manner.

Acting out
Impulsive actions which display previously inhibited emotions. It is considered healthy and therapeutic.

Addiction
Compulsive physiological and psychological need for a habit-forming substance.

Anxiety
A state of fear, apprehension, and uncertainty resulting from the anticipation of a realistic or fantasized threatening situation.

Asperger 
A form of autism that is characterized by strong difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, but no significant delay in cognitive development.

Binge eating
Episodes of uncontrollable eating. Although people who do not have any eating disorder may occasionally experience episodes of overeating, frequent binge eating can be a symptom of an eating disorder.

Biofeedback
The technique of gaining greater awareness of the behaviour, in order to be able to relax and reduce anxiety and stress.

Borderline
Literally is a line that establishes or marks a border. In psychology it is related to a condition characterized by a pattern of instability in mood and inconsistent behaviour, not necessarily a real neurosis.

Bowlby Attachment Theory
This theory, described by John Bowlby, explains the dynamics of the most important relationship that an infant needs to develop with at least one primary caregiver, for social and emotional development to occur normally.

Burnout
Physical and emotional exhaustion, diminished interest in work, especially as a result of long-term stress in the workplace.

Cognitional
Adjective of cognition, the mental process of knowing, awareness, perception, and judgment.

Cognitive
Related to cognition, to the mental processing that includes reasoning, problem solving, and decision making.

Coming out
Coming out is the expression used to self-disclose the sexual orientation. It is used when someone reveals voluntarily that he is gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

Compulsion
An irresistible impulse to act, to perform an act persistently and repetitively, regardless of the rationality of the motivation.

Coping strategies
Series of conscious efforts to solve psychological problems. Strategies that help minimize or tolerate stress or conflict.

Counselling
Psychological guidance which focuses on helping solving problems related to the interactions with one’s environment, family or work place.

Craving
An intense psychological urge for a certain food, a drug, a medication.

Cybersexual Addiction
It is a sexual addiction which takes place through virtual Internet sexual activity. In the long run, it causes serious negative consequences to one's physical and mental well-being.

Décalage
French word to define the difference between mental and chronological age of a child.

Déjà vu
French term that means “already seen”. In psychology this phenomenon occurs when an individual believes he has already seen certain events or situations.

Denial
Psychological defense mechanism: to deny an overwhelming evidence.

Disorder
In psychology it refers to a physical or mental condition that is not normal or healthy.

Empowerment
Literally it means assignment, authorization. In psychology indicates the expansion of the self, the promotion of one’s abilities.

Fading
Fading is a technique applied in behavior therapy, to help reduce the urge to perform an action until the need for it fades away.

Feedback
The return of information about the result of a process or activity.

Flooding
In psychology it refers to a technique of exposing the patients to their painful memories, in order to reintegrate their repressed emotions with their current awareness.

Gestalt
Gestalt psychology is a school of thought born in Germany in 1890 that looks at the human mind and behavior as a whole.

Headshrinker
Slang word for a physician who specializes in psychiatry.

Hysteria
English term to indicate a mental disorder that reveals itself with physical symptoms that have not an organic cause but only a psychological one.

Information Overload
The negative psychological effects that information overload can cause to a person.

Inner Space
The inner “space” in the mind which can be explored by undergoing psychotherapy.

Insight
Insight in psychology refers to the ability to suddenly understand the inner nature of things or how to solve a problem.

Internet Addiction Disorder
All those symptoms that are the result of a compulsive use of Internet, including symptoms of withdrawal that occur after stopping or dramatically reducing the surfing time.

Münchausen
From Wikipedia: “Münchausen syndrome is a psychiatric factitious disorder wherein those affected feign disease, illness, or psychological trauma to draw attention, sympathy, or reassurance to themselves.” The name derives from Baron Münchhausen who loved to tell unbelievable and bizarre stories about himself.

Neurosis
So called any of various psychological disorders.

Obsessive
A person who is incessantly preoccupied with a particular activity, person, or thing.

Outing
Outing refers to the act of disclosing a person's sexual orientation or gender identity without that person's consent.

Prescription
A written order  by a psychiatrist for the preparation and administration of a medicine or other treatment.

Psychiatrist (UK) - Psychiatrist (US)
A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry.

Psychiatry (UK) - Psychiatry (US)
It is the medical specialty dedicated to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.

Psychoanalysis
The method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud.

Psychologist
A person trained and educated to perform psychological research, testing, and therapy.

Psychology
The science that deals with mental processes and behavior.

Rescue Remedy
Remedy based on flower material developed by Edward Bach, an English homeopath, in the 1930s. It is intended for mild emotional and spiritual conditions, but, scientifically, no efficacy beyond a placebo effect has been proved.

Resilience
The ability to recover quickly from stress, trauma, and change.

Rorschach 
Psychological test created by Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922)

Salience
In psychology, it refers to the characteristic, the quality that stands out in an individual.

Self-esteem
Pride in oneself; self-respect.

Sensitive
A sensitive person is very quick to respond to slight changes or influences. And he also displays real attention to others' feelings.

Syndrome
A group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular condition, whose features are still unclear.

Spectatoring
A person focusing on himself, on his behaviour, from a third person perspective.

Transference
A process by which the feelings that you had for someone become directed to someone else, usually the psychoanalyst.

 

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